Jaguar And Asian Elephants Get More Protection!
Wildlife conservation is a conventional method of the protection of the wildlife species, which aims at increasing the safety of the endangered animals and their habitats. This objective is obtained through different legislative acts and legal actions taken by the international and national actors. These wildlife conservation legislative acts are important otherwise major harm can reach these wildlife species. There are many threats to the wildlife species, which include fragmentation, degradation, and habitat destruction, poaching, pollution, climate change, and overexploitation.
Migratory Species Convention (CMS)
This is a convention known as Conservation of the Migratory Species of Wild Animals or also widely known as the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS). CMS is also known as the Bonn Convention, which is an international agreement aimed at the conservation of the migratory species.
Jaguar and Asian Elephants
Jaguar is a large field species, which extends from Mexico in North America and the Southwestern United States to Central America, south Paraguay, and Northern Argentina in South America. Although there are laws in every country of the world for the protection of the Jaguars, still various threats against Jaguars exist. So, new protection measures must be ensured to protect the Jaguar and Asian Elephants.
Asian Elephants are the mere living species of Genus Elephas, which is distributed in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeastern Asia. They presently exist in India from the west, Sumatra in the South to the Borneo in the East. 60% of the Asian Elephants are part of India, which are shared with neighboring countries as well. These countries include Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Myanmar. Asian Elephants cross migratory corridors and reach other countries. During migration, Asian Elephants are challenged with various threats.
Mark Simonds, who is part of the Humane Society International, had stated that several countries have to come together to fight threats existing against the Jaguars and Asian Elephants. Asian Elephants, which are highly migratory animals, are endangered across its substantial range. These wildlife species are continually making efforts to survive in the degraded, shrinking, and fragmented habitat. So, solid efforts and protection measured were direly needed to protect the Asian Elephants and Jaguar.
New Protection Measures for the Asian Elephants and Jaguar
At the Wild Life Summit, which was held in India, agreed upon the new protection measures for the Jaguar and Asian Elephants.
There were six countries, which had proposed the new protection measures for the spotted big cat. These protection measures were taken by the six countries because these species migrate and roam across different countries. These actions were taken by six countries because Asian Elephants and Jaguar had lost 40% of their natural habitat within the last 100 years. In order to protect the Asian Elephants and Jaguar, Wild Life Summit had concluded this new protection measures.
Why Were New Protection Measures Taken For Jaguar and Asian Elephants?
Following are some of the reasons which are why these new protection measures were taken for Asian Elephants and Jaguar:
- Existence of the Threats against Asian Elephants and Jaguars: There are various threats persisting against the migratory species such as deforestation, poaching, climate change, pollution, overexploitation, habitat destruction, and degradation.
- Preservation of the Crucial Habitats: The Convention on the Migratory Species was concluded so that crucial habitats for the Jaguars and Asian Elephants would be preserved.
- Migration along different natural corridors: Due to this convention, the natural habitat would enable the Jaguar and Asian Elephants to move along the different natural corridors.
- Avoiding the Isolation of the Jaguar and Asian Elephants: These new protection measures would enable the Jaguar and Asian Elephants to avoid the isolation that can potentially lead to the extinction of the migratory species.
- Increased Incentives and Opportunities: CMS will offer increased incentives and the opportunity to collect funds for the enforcement of new protection measures.
- Solution for Habitat Destruction: CMS is incredibly critical for the curbing the habitat destruction.
- Maintenance of Migration Corridors: CMS will essentially help in the maintenance of the important migration corridors.
- Offering Solution for Various Issues: CMS will also offer the solution to the issues of the killings of trafficking and killings.
- Creation of International Legal Frameworks: CMS will help in creating the international legal framework, which will make possible the listing of the big cats, protection of jaguars, and safety of the Asian Elephants.
These are the direct consequential benefits of the CMS. These new protection measures will not only help in the safety and protection of the Jaguars and Asian Elephants but also prove as a remedy of the issues such as climate change, global warming, deforestation, pollution of the forests by persistent efforts made for the maintenance of the migration corridors, forests, and migratory species.
CMS: Increased Protection Measures
There were also many increased protection measures taken for the betterment and protection of the wildlife species. There were 130 countries, which also saught it necessary to include this wildlife species protection. These wildlife species were given increased conservation status. These increased wildlife species included:
- The Oceanic Whitetip Shark was also increased in the increased protection measures. This is one of the most endangered species of the Shark, which must be protected under CMS.
- Indian great bustard was also part of the increased protection measures, which are found on the Indian Subcontinent.
- Antipodean Albatross is also being protected in the CMS.
Other important meetings also took place, whose agenda was to protect other wildlife species such as wildlife groups of nut-cracking chimp culture. This proposal asked the countries such as Liberia, Guinea, Cote d’Ivoire, and Sierra Leone so that collective effort may be taken to preserve the nut-cracking chimpanzee of Western Africa. This unique name was given to the nut-cracking Chimpanzee of Western Africa due to their usage of the tools for opening the nuts.
The protection of the wildlife species would be vastly ensured if concrete steps and actions were undertaken by the governmental and non-governmental organizations. Governments must take collect actions together to increase protection and maintenance of the migratory corridors, so that wildlife species can move along substantial ranges without any threat.