Roads Made Of Plastic Waste?
Plastic waste is a burgeoning issue for the world population. With the plastic pollution issue getting dire, everyday solutions are being innovated for fighting the menace of the plastic waste problem. Roads made of plastic waste, also called green concrete, are recent developments for curbing the menace of plastic waste. Rajagopalan Vasudevan is the genius mind who constructed the idea of Roads Made of Plastic Waste. He proposed the idea of the construction of the roads with plastic waste, which had been accepted by numerous countries around the world.
How Does Waste Affect the Environment?
You might be thinking about why is sustainability important. Sustainability is important due to the actions that humans take, bringing harm and damage to themselves.
There are different kinds of waste humans generate. Plastic waste accounts for 10% of the globally generated waste. Plastic waste gives way to the waste problem, as plastic does not decompose and break down easily. Plastic lives on for centuries.
Plastic either is disposed of in the oceans, landfills, or incinerators, which are also problematic management methods of the plastic waste problem. Landfills pollute the subsoils, and incinerators pose challenges to the environment with the gaseous and chemical leaks into the air. Plastic waste in the ocean has endangered the animals by entangling and ingesting the sea animals. Thus, the plastic waste problem affects the environment to a greater extent. Therefore, sustainability is important.
Plastic Waste Problem
One of the plastic waste facts is that 50 percent of the plastic that we use, are used once and thrown away. We are in the midst of the plastic pollution, whose production costs, maintenance costs, and disposal costs are born by the humans – what stupidity the humans are trapped in!
Plastic is always near our fingertips. From the cola bottles to the keyboards, we have adapted to the usage of plastic in our daily life. However, now the most astounding solution to the plastic waste problem has been innovated: roads made of plastic waste.
Roads Made Plastic Waste By Country
India is the pioneer of the roads made of green concrete. According to the plastic waste statistics of India, India is using various kinds of plastic waste into making the roads. India has laid almost 21,000 miles road making use of the plastic road. Till now, India has the 33,700 km of plastic roads. Each kilometer needs 1 million plastic bags; it signifies a convenient method of disposing of the millions of plastic bags.
India is also experimenting by converting plastic waste in oceans into roads. Every morning, plastic in oceans is crewed to shores of the Karnataka and offloaded. According to the fishermen of India, the plastic waste in the ocean is offloaded onto the shores and sent to the companies. These companies shred the plastics and distribute them to the projects and engineers developing roads made of plastic waste. It is a noble work carried out by the eco-conscious and eco-friendly persons.
There are many large cities in India that are constructing the roads made of green concrete. Chennai was the first city of the world to have announced and adapted to the green roads. Other cities include Jamshedpur, Pune, Surat, and Indore.
2. United Kingdom (UK)
The United Kingdom is another country that has a great many flourishing roads made of plastic waste projects. There are many advocates of the roads made of plastic in the United Kingdom. Department of Transport of the UK had announced the 1.6 Million trial of roads made of plastic waste.
The reasons behind the adoption of the roads made of green concrete are many. Aims of the UK are clear:
- Getting rid of the plastic waste accumulated in the UK landfills.
- Constructing Cost-Effective Roads, thus using the saved money on other important projects.
- For making the roads that last longer due to their strength.
- For repairing the roads with potholes.
In the United Kingdom, MacRebur technology is being used to lay the plastic roads. MR8, MR9, and MR10 are patent-pending technology. Macrebur’s process has a ton of asphalt and 3 to 10 KG of plastic waste. Scottish engineers in the UK are attempting to manufacture the roads with plastic waste and bitumen now – this is called a green concrete.
Pakistan is another most important country that has vowed to construct the plastic roads and bitumen mix. Since the solid waste generation in Pakistan is quite high, it’s remedying with plastic roads is a piece of good news. Pakistan had imported 78 million bitumen in 2018, which symbolizes a good beginning for Pakistan to carry on.
Indonesia is the 2nd largest producer of plastic waste after China. Indonesia has also begun its efforts at reducing the impacts of plastic waste produced by her. Indonesia has started the journey of the construction of the roads with the plastic and bitumen mix in Bali on July 29, 2017. Then, the plans were strategically made to pave the roads in Surabaya, Jakarta, and Bekasi.
In Indonesia, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing made joint efforts for the continuation and progression of the Plastic-Road Project. From the outline of the plastic-road project, it is evident that plastic waste ocean will be used to decrease the plastic pollution in the Indonesian ocean waters.
Plastic Roads, its Benefits, Sustainability, and the Future
More and more countries are beginning to try plastic roads. There are many benefits of the plastic roads, which is why countries across the world will be adapting tot he plastic roads sooner or later. Plastic roads have lucrative benefits due to their physical and chemical properties. These plastic roads can also be specially engineered to meet certain requirements, such as wear and wear-resistance issues.
There are also many other alternatives for the management of plastic waste. Plastic recycling is the trend that is aimed at usage of the plastic until its optimum level of consumption. Along with plastic recycling, concepts such as earthWISE (Workplace Initiative for Sustainable Enterprise) must be adapted into the workplace policy. earthWISE may encourage the employees to use sustainable, biodegradable, and compostable products instead of plastic products. Only then, sustainability will be promoted and single-use plastic products will be reduced.
Steps must be taken by the eco-conscious organizations and eco-friendly international organizations to promote awareness regarding the plastic roads. When the awareness is spread far and wide, more and more engineers would be inspired to follow the plastic and bitumen mix. Thus, the fight of mankind against plastic pollution ould be waged successfully.